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中国LED封装陶瓷基板研究发展现状

新闻来源: 发布日期:2018-02-03 10:16:35发布人:佳日丰小张

装基板作为LED重要构件随着LED芯片技术的发展也在发生变化,目前LED散热基板主要使用金属与陶瓷基板。金属基板以铝或铜为材料,由于技术成熟,且具成本优势,目前为一般LED产品所采用。而陶瓷基板线路对位精确度高,为业界公认导热与散热性能极佳材料,是目前高功率LED散热最适的方案,被包括Cree、欧司朗等国际大厂和国内瑞丰、国星等领先企业导入产品。

MUQIANTAOCIJIBANZAIGUONEIWAIJUNYOUXIAOGUIMOSHENGCHAN,QIWEILAICHANYEHUAQIANJINGJIANGSHOUDAOXINPIANFENGZHUANGFANGSHIDEYINGXIANG,SUIZHEWEILAILEDXINPIANFENGZHUANGXIANGDAOZHUANGHUOCHUIZHIJISHUFANGXIANGFAZHAN,TAOCIJIBANJIANGQIANJINGKEQI。

1、陶瓷基板主要用于高功率LED 

LEDDESANREHUIDUILEDXINPIANDEXIAOLV、SHOUMING、KEKAOXINGDENGCHANSHENGZHONGYAOYINGXIANG,ZHEIJIUYAOQIULEDFENGZHUANGJUYOULIANGHAODESANRENENGLI。YINCI,ZUOWEILEDZHONGYAOGOUJIANDEFENGZHUANGJIBANBUJINSHIZAIPIANDEZUOYONG,GENGSHISANREDEZHONGYAOTONGDAOZHIYI,TADEJIEGOUHECAILIAOZAISANREGUOCHENGZHONGQIZHEGUANJIANDEZUOYONG。SUIZHELEDXINPIANJISHUDEFAZHAN,LED CHANPINDEFENGZHUANGJIEGOUCONGYINJIAOSHIFENGZHUANGJIEGOUDAOBIAOMIANTIEZHUANGSHI(SMD)FENGZHUANGJIEGOUZAIDAOGONGLVXINGFENGZHUANGJIEGOU,LEDDEFENGZHUANGJIBANYECONGCHUANTONGDEBOLIHUANYANGSHUZHI,FAZHANDAORUJINZHULIUDEJINSHUCAILIAO,ERJINNIANLAITAOCIJIBANDECHUXIAN,DUILVJIBANDEDIWEIXINGCHENGLEYIDINGDECHONGJI。

MUQIAN,LEDSANREJIBANZHUYAOSHIYONGJINSHUYUTAOCIJIBAN。JINSHUJIBANYILVHUOTONGWEICAILIAO,YOUYUJISHUCHENGSHU,QIEJUCHENGBENYOUSHI,MUQIANWEIYIBANLEDCHANPINSUOCAIYONG。ERTAOCIJIBANXIANLUDUIWEIJINGQUEDUGAO,WEIYEJIEGONGRENDAOREYUSANREXINGNENGJIJIACAILIAO,SHIMUQIANGAOGONGLVLEDSANREZUISHIFANGAN,SUIRANCHENGBENBIJINSHUJIBANLAIDEGAO,DANZHAOMINGYAOQIUDESANREXINGJIWENDINGXINGGAOYUBIJIBENDIANNAO、DIANSHIDENGDIANZICHANPIN,YINCI,BAOKUOCree、OUSILANG、FEILIPUJIRIYAHUADENGGUOJIDACHANG,DOUSHIYONGTAOCIJIBANZUOWEILEDJINGLISANRECAIZHI。GUONEIRUIFENG、GUOXING、 HONGLI、JINGKE、YINGTELAIDENGDOUYOUDAORUTAOCIFENGZHUANG。

kpl竞猜平台 YOUYUGAOFENZIJUEYUANCAILIAODEDAOREXISHUJIAODI,TONGSHINAIREXINGNENGJIAOCHA,RUGUOYAOTIGAOLVJINSHUJIBANDEZHENGTIDAOREXINGNENGJINAIREXINGNENG,XUYAOTIHUANDIAOJUEYUANCAILIAO,DANSHIJUEYUANCAILIAODEQIYONG,SHIDETONGXIANLUWUFAZIAOLVJINSHUJIBANZHISHANGBUZHI,SUOYIMUQIANZHIJIETIGAOLVJINSHUJIBANDEDAOREXISHUHAIWUFASHIXIAN。ERTAOCISANREJIBAN,QIJUYOUXINDEDAORECAILIAOHEXINDENEIBUJIEGOU,YIXIAOCHULVJINSHUJIBANSUOJUYOUDEQUEXIAN,CONGERGAISHANJIBANDEZHENGTISANREXIAOGUO。XIABIAOWEITAOCISANREJIBANYUJINSHUSANREJIBANBIJIAO。

表1 LED陶瓷散热基板生产流程

LED陶瓷基板生产流程

2、不同种类的陶瓷基板均有工艺瓶颈需要跨越

kpl竞猜平台 MUQIANSHICHANGSHANGDETAOCISANREJIBANZHONGLEIHENDUO,GONGYIYEBUJINXIANGTONG,CHANGJIAGENJULEDCHANPINDESANREXUYAOXUANZEHESHIDESANREJIBAN,ZUIZHONGZAISANREXINGNENGHECHENGBENSHANGDADAOZUIHAODEZONGHEXIAOGUO。

TAOCISANREJIBANGENJUCAILIAOFENYOUZHUYAOYOUYANGHUALVJIBANHEDANHUALVJIBAN,GENJUJIEGOUFENZHUYAOYOUDANCENGJIBANHEDUOCENGJIBAN(LIANGCENG)。XIANJIEDUANJIAOPUBIANDETAOCISANREJIBANZHONGLEIGONGYOULTCC(DIWENGONGSHAODUOCENGTAOCIJIBAN)、HTCC(GAOWENGONGSHAODUOCENGTAOCI)、DBC(ZHIJIEJIEHETONGJIBAN)、DPC(ZHIJIEDUTONGJIBAN)SIZHONG,QIZHONGHTCCSHUYUJIAOZAOQIFAZHANZHIJISHU,DANYOUYUQIJIAOGAODEGONGYIWENDU(1300~1600℃),SHIQIDIANJICAILIAODEXUANZESHOUXIAN,QIEZHIZUOCHENGBENXIANGDANGANGGUI,ZHEIXIEYINSUCUSHILTCCDEFAZHAN,LTCCSUIRANJIANGGONGSHAOWENDUJIANGZHIYUE850℃,DANQICHICUNJINGQUEDU、CHANPINQIANGDUDENGJISHUSHANGDEWENTISHANGDAITUPO。ERDBCYUDPCZEWEIJINJINIANCAIKAIFACHENGSHU,QIENENGLIANGCHANHUADEZHUANYEJISHU,DANDUIYUXUDUORENLAISHUO,CILIANGXIANGZHUANYEDEGONGYIJISHURENGRANHENMOSHENG,SHENZHIKENENGJIANGLIANGZHEWUJIEWEITONGYANGDEGONGYI。

kpl竞猜平台 DBCSHILIYONGGAOWENJIAREJIANGAl2O3YUCuBANJIEHE,QIJISHUPINGJINGZAIYUBUYIJIEJUEAl2O3YUCuBANJIANWEIQIKONGCHANSHENGZHIWENTI,ZHEISHIDEGAICHANPINDECHANNENGYULIANGLVSHOUDAOJIAODADETIAOZHAN,ERDPCJISHUZESHILIYONGZHIJIEPIFUJISHU,JIANGCuCHENJIYUAl2O3JIBANZHISHANG,GAIGONGYIJIEHELECAILIAOYUBOMOGONGYIJISHU,QICHANPINWEIJINNIANZUIPUBIANSHIYONGDETAOCISANREJIBAN,RANERQICAILIAOKONGZHIYUGONGYIJISHUZHENGHENENGLIYAOQIUJIAOGAO,ZHEISHIDEKUARUDPCCHANYEBINGNENGWENDINGSHENGCHANDEJISHUMENJIANXIANGDUIJIAOGAO。

表2 陶瓷散热基板特性比较

陶瓷散热基板特征比较

MUQIAN,GUOWAIDETAOCIJIBANSHENGCHANCHANGJIABAOKUOMEIGUO LaminaGONGSI、DUBANGGONGSI,RIBENZHUYOUJINSHUDIANZIQIJIANZHUSHIHUISHE、RIBENYOUHUAGONGDENG,GUONEIYIMEIXINGUANG、YANCHUANGGUANGDIANDENGQIYEYEJUNYOUSHENGCHAN,QIZHONGKANGCHIGUANGDIANKEJIYOUXIANGONGSILIANHEZHONGKEYUANSHANGHAIGUISUANYANYANJIUSUO,LISHILIANGNIANGONGTONGYANFABINGHUODEGUOJIASHIYONGXINXINGZHUANLIDEQUANXINK9-HTAOCILEDFUHESANRECAILIAO,CHENGGONGYINGYONGYULEDDENGPAOSHANGBINGYIYUQUNIANSHIXIANLIANGCHAN。

3、新型垂直和倒装芯片的封装需要使用陶瓷基板 

kpl竞猜平台 GUICHENDICHUIZHIXINPIANZAIFENGZHUANGSHI,YIBANCAIYONGTAOCIJIBANZUOWEIREDAOHEDIANXINGZAITI,KEYIHUODEYOUYUEDEREDIANXIAOYING。ZAIDAOZHUANGXINPIANFENGZHUANGSHI,KEXUANQUTAOCIJIBANZUOWEIREDAOHEDIANXINGZAITIYIHUODEYOUYUEDEREDIANXIAOYING,DANGRANYEKEYIYONGJINSHUTONGZUOWEIJIBAN,ZHEIZHUYAOQUJUEYUSHEINENGGENGHAODEJIEJUEDENGJUDESANRENWENTI。MUQIANZHONGGUOLEDXINPIAN95%DEZHULIUYINGYONGSHICHANGWEIZHENGZHUANGXINPIAN,YENEIRENSHI(YINGRUIGUANGDIANKEJI(SHANGHAI)YOUXIANGONGSIJISHUFUZONGZHANGYUZAISHANGHAI“SHISANWU”DIANZIXINXIZUOTANHUIFAYAN)RENWEI“SHISANWU”QIJIAN,GUONEILEDYONGDAOZHUANGHECHUIZHIXINPIANDEXUQIULIANGHUIWENBUZENGZHANGZHIMUQIANXIAYOUYINGYONGSHICHANGDE20%-30%。

YINCI,DAOZHUANGHUOCHUIZHIJISHUDEFAZHANDUITAOCIJIBANLAISHUO,YOUZHEJUEDUIDEHAOCHU,BINGQIETAOCIZAIWEILAIDEDAOZHUANGHUOCHUIZHIFENGZHUANGGONGYIZHONGJIANGHUIGENGYOUYOUSHI。CIWAI,ZAI1-5WDEGONGLVFANWEINEI,TAOCIFENGZHUANGYEHUICUNYOUYOUSHI,LIRU3535ZHEILEIDEQIJIAN,KEYIZHIJIEMolding,YONGJUGUANGBEIJIANGTAMoldingZAITAOCIJIBANSHANGMIAN。FENGZHUANGFANGSHIDEGAIBIAN,JINERYINFAJIBANCAILIAODEBIANHUA,YINCIDAOZHUANGXINPIANDEFENGZHUANGFANGSHIHUOXUYEJIANGYINFAYICHANGXINYIDAIPEITAOJIBANCAILIAODEBIANGE。

4、陶瓷基板未来成本有待压缩,前景可期 

kpl竞猜平台 DANGQIANDAOZHIJIBANSHICHANGJIAGEGEYIDEZHUYAOYINSU,SHIQICAIYONGYUANCAILIAODECHAYI。LIRUMUQIANSHICHANGZHUYAOFENWEILVJIBAN、TAOCIJIBANJITONGJIBAN,TONGSHIZAIPUTONGLVJIBANDEJICHUSHANG,DANGQIANSHICHANGYOUZHUBUYANSHENGCHUJINGMIANLVJIBAN。LVJI、TAOCIJI、TONGJISANZHEXIANGBI,YINGGAISHITONGJIJIAGEZUIGUI,DANSHIMUQIANSHIMIANSHANGTONGJIBANYIBUDUOJIAN,QIYINJIAGEGUOGAO,DAOZHIXINGJIABIPIANDI。TAOCIJIBILVJILVEGUI,BINGQIEDANGQIANSHIMIANSHANGYINGYONGZUIDUODEYINGWEILVJI,DANSHIMUQIANSHIMIANSHANGJUNZAIYANFATAOCIJIBAN,QICHENGBENYEZAIZHUBUXIAJIANG。MUQIAN,LVJIBANYUEWEI400YUANMEIPINGFANG,TONGJIBANYUEWEI800-900YUANMEIPINGFANG,CHUNTAOCIJIBANYUEWEI500YUANMEIPINGFANG,YINSHANGYINDIANLUHOUWEI1000YUANMEIPINGFANG,JIAGELVEGAO。

DANGGUONEIFENGZHUANGQIYEGANGSHEZUXIANSHIJIBEIGUANGLINGYUDESHIHOU,KERUIDEDAGONGLVTAOCIFENGZHUANGGUANGYUANHENGKONGCHUSHI,DANGSHIZAIGUONEIYEXIANQIYIZHENTOUSHENDAGONGLVTAOCIFENGZHUANGDELANGCHAO,CIHOUTOUSHENQIZHONGDEGEDAGUONEIFENGZHUANGQIYEJUNYISHIBAIGAOZHONG,ZHUYAOYUANYINBAOKUO:GUOCHANFENGZHUANGJISHUDEBUCHENGSHU、YUANCAILIAOTAOCIJIBANYILAIJINKOUGONGHUONAN,YIJIPINPAIZHIMINGDUDEQIANQUE。JINRU2015NIANYILAI,SUIZHEGUOCHANDAOZHUANGXINPIANDEZHUBUCHENGSHU,DUITAOCIJIBANDESHICHANGXUQIUKUODA。CIWAI,CAILIAOCHENGBENDEDAFUXIADIEYIJIGUONEISHENGCHANTAOCIJIBANQIYEDEZENGDUO,DUIYUGUONEITAOCIFENGZHUANGCONGYEZHEERYAN,SIHUYOUKANDAOLEJIUWEIDECHUNTIAN。YUCITONGSHI,BANSUIZHECSPJISHUERCUISHENGDEXINXINGSHICHANG,CHUQUYUANYOUDECHUANTONGHUWAIZHAOMINGSHICHANGJIQIANGGUANGSHOUDIANTONGSHICHANGWAI,DAGONGLVTAOCIFENGZHUANGYEKAISHIXIANGQICHEDADENG、Flash LED、ZIWAI LEDDENGLINGYUZHUBUSHENTOU。YINER,QIQIANJINGKANLAISHIFENZHIDEQIDAI。


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